The Kongo, Ndongo, and Ovimbundu kingdoms had early contact with the Portuguese, who in the sixteenth century created colonies on the coast.
Wars fought against the immigrant Portuguese, such as that waged by Queen Njinga of the Ndongo kingdom, often have been interpreted in a nationalistic framework.
Apart from large rivers such as the Zaire, Kwanza (Cuanza), Kunene, Kubango (Cubango), Zambezi, and Kuando, there are many smaller rivers, some of which are not perennial.
The climate is characterized by a rainy season and a dry season whose timing and intensity differ in the various regions.
In 1975, this area became an independent country under the name República Popular de Angola (People's Republic of Angola). Angola may not classify as either a country or a culture.
It is difficult to obtain reliable information because the war precludes research in many areas. Angola is a country of 482,625 square miles (approximately 1.25 million square kilometers) in western Africa, south of the Equator.