He had received misleading information about an army coming to meet him south of Derby.
Although he wished to continue with his quest, he was over-ruled by his fellow officers.
Initially a market town, Derby grew rapidly in the industrial era.
Derby was settled by Romans – who established the town of Derventio – Saxons and Vikings, who made Derby one of the Five Boroughs of the Danelaw.
The first mill opened in Nottingham in 1770 and was driven by horses.
In 1717, Derby was the site of the first water-powered silk mill in Britain, built by John Lombe and George Sorocold, after Lombe had reputedly stolen the secrets of silk-throwing from Piedmont in Italy (he is alleged to have been poisoned by the Piedmontese as revenge in 1722). The partners were Jedediah Strutt, William Woollatt (who had been joined in 1758 by John Bloodworth and Thomas Stafford, all leading hosiers in Derby). After three years, Bloodworth and Stafford were paid off, and Samuel Need – a hosier of Nottingham – joined the partnership. The patent expired in 1773, Messrs Wright, the bankers of Nottingham, recommended that Richard Arkwright apply to Strutt and Need for finance for his cotton spinning mill.
He abandoned his invasion at Swarkestone Bridge on the River Trent just a few miles south of Derby.